When Chemistry is applied to the study of biological processes at cellular and molecular levels, it is referred to as biochemistry. This discipline of science started gaining prominence at the starting of the 20th century. It was after scientists clubbed chemistry, biology, and physiology in order to dive deeper into the chemistry of living systems.
Biochemistry deals with both, life science as well as chemical science. It combines these streams of science to investigate deeper into the chemistry of living organisms. Biochemistry also investigates the changes taking place in living cells and their molecular basis. There are complex various molecules that can be found in biological materials. To study and investigate the structure and behavior of these complex molecules, various methods of chemistry, immunology, physics, and immunology are used. These methods also help scientists to learn about the ways in which these molecules behave and interact to form tissues, cells, and an entire organism.
Who is a biochemist?
Biochemists are scientists who study the chemical mechanisms of living things and various biological processes. A biochemist is interested in the mechanism of cellular multiplication, brain function, and cellular differentiation. They also study the communication which is established between cells and various organs and the chemical bases of a disease and inheritance. As a biochemist, a scientist is supposed to investigate how certain molecules including proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, hormones, and vitamins function and behave in the various processes. Biochemists lay more emphasis on finding out the regulation of the chemical reactions that take place living cells.
What is the importance of Biochemistry?
Biochemistry has several uses in daily activities which makes it an extremely important branch of science. It has significant uses in clinical diagnosis, treatment of diseases, manufacturing of biological products, nutrition, and agriculture. Biochemistry also plays an important role in the field of medicine. In fact, its importance is such that without biochemistry, there would be no advancement in the field of medicine.
With the help of physiology, a sub-type of biochemistry, scientists can understand the biochemical changes that occur inside the body. Also, it helps in understanding the physiological alterations that take place in the body. The biochemical changes help in studying the pathology of any disease.
Biochemistry helps in understanding the functioning and role of vitamins in the body. Therefore, with the help of biochemistry, one can find out the perfect nutrition intake to maintain good health.
When it comes to agriculture, biochemistry plays a significant role in providing support to farming, poultry, beekeeping, and fishery. With the help of biochemistry, the agricultural yield can be multiplied substantially. Besides, it also gives a deeper understanding of how the fertilizers should be used in order to boost the growth of the crops and have good quality crops.
What are the career prospects in Biochemistry?
The career options in the field of biochemistry are broad. The job options available after a Biochemistry degree can include:
- A biomedical scientist
- Research scientist
- Analytical chemist
- Forensic scientist
- Clinical research associate
- Scientific laboratory technician
- Healthcare scientist, clinical biochemistry
During their degree, students are given practical and technical knowledge. They are given exposure to laboratory-based assignments and are provided a final year research project. The exposure prepares the students for a role in research or a technical field. Many students even go for an internship at a research laboratory or company in order to gain some relevant experience in the field.
To have a successful career in the field, one must develop the following skills during their training period:
- Skills to understand complex biological processes
- Skills to present logical arguments in a debate
- Understanding of relevant texts
- Analytical thinking and problem solving